Information taken from American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA)
WHAT IS A DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY?
Developmental delay refers to a child who is not achieving milestones that are within the appropriate age range. A child may have a developmental delay in one or more of the following areas:
- Gross motor: Using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk, crawl, run, change positions, etc. A physical therapist would work on gross motor skills
- Fine motor: Using hands and fingers to draw, write, eat, play, etc. An occupational therapist would work on fine motor skills.
- Speech and language: Speaking, using body language and gestures, and communicating. A speech therapist would work on speech and language skills and any feeding concerns.
- Cognition: Thinking skills including learning, problem-solving, understanding, reasoning, and remembering. A speech therapist and developmental therapist would work on these areas.
- Social and emotional development: Interacting with others and having a relationship with family, friends, and teachers. Understanding and responding to the feelings of others. A speech therapist, psychologist, and professional counselor may work on social and emotional development.
Other professionals involved with treating a child may include an audiologist, nutritionist, education specialist, and/or neuropsychologist.
WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY?
If your child is not meeting age appropriate milestones then you should have your child evaluated. Contact a medical professional today if you have any concerns or questions about your child’s development. A full evaluation completed by a professional is needed to determine if your child has a delay. Click on the links below for more information regarding speech and language milestones.
WHAT CAUSES A DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY?
The cause of developmental delay is unknown; however, genetic factors (i.e., Down Syndrome) and complications during pregnancy and birth may increase the risk for developmental delay. Environmental factors; such as, exposure to toxins (i.e., drugs and alcohol), infections, prematurity, severe poverty, and malnutrition may also increase the risk.
OUR APPROACH AT KEY THERAPIES:
At Key Therapies we will develop an individualized treatment plan for your child. Treatment will be provided to improve areas of concern which may include language, speech and/or feeding. We will work closely with other professionals to determine the best therapy plan for your child.